Conditions for child bearing are the most important aspect of motherhood for any woman as opposed to the number of children or the interval of births. The conditions that determine productive childbearing have socio-economic, cultural, and political aspects which all come together to create a massive utmost condition for childbearing amongst women in any society. These factors and condition compliment are the known biological parameters of child bearing, which also depend on the availability of pre-natal and post-natal-care services which give the reproductive services and process a multi-dimensional outlook (Luna 345). According to Bettina, the socio-cultural, economic, and political conditions that care for both the maternal and the infant health should be upheld and availed in the society to ensure that the healthcare sector is truly able to undertake effective and efficient child bearing procedure to women. The intersectional analysis of child bearing on human rights and social justice makes the child bearing concept a complicated issue and not just a biological process, since the rights of the infant and those of the mother have to be observed. The use of contraceptives and abortions provide the conditions and the platform for the discussion of the matters that include the fetus construction and the aspect of fetal rights versus the maternal rights.
The social aspect of the childbearing concept is highlighted by a specialist and professional reproductive justice scholar on sociology and women healthcare in the society, Zakiya Luna, who highlights the concepts of the transition from rights to justice in the matters of child bearing. Just like Bettina placed it, Luna believes that child bearing is a multifaceted concept that has to be viewed from all the aspects of social change, such as political, social, economic, and moral grounds, with more emphasis on legal matters. In her research, Luna focuses on the coalition dynamics in social movement to demystify the issues to do with legal matters of fetal and maternal rights and healthcare situation during child bearing processes and periods. Understanding of human rights and how well they effect the provision of healthcare services to both the mother and child are key concepts that have to be analyzed in terms of the roles that they play to influence a child bearing decision (Roberts & Jesudason 323). Whether the women or the healthcare institution decides to recommend the use of contraceptives or the abortion and the matters that constitute the fetal construction process, it should bear in mind more of justice as opposed to the rights of either the parent or the child. Social identities emphasize the encouragement or discouragement of reproduction of certain social groups, based on the social policies and the cultural stereotypes in the society. A typical example is the racial discrimination, which influences the reproduction attention of the America women of color, according to Luna.
Intersectional analysis of the childbearing parameters would mean that the matter takes very complicated concepts in understanding the criticisms and favoritism based on the fetal rights versus the maternal rights in the society. According to Bettina, besides the known biological process of reproduction, it has other parameters such as the racial and social discrimination, political and economic matters, as well as the legal implications, which all team up to give a multifaceted approach. Creation of a cohesive movement that looks at the rights of both the mother and the unborn or born child enables the application of reproductive justice concept to counter the social justice which takes center stage whenever issues and debates on abortion are provided (Luna 355). Through intersectional analysis of the child bearing concept, it is possible to forge a working movement that would include all the dissenting views and opinions on the reproduction justice, women and fetal rights, social justice, and the activities in these fields, to ensure that reproduction and childbearing is an intersection of rights, races, social justice, political, and economic parameters. The intersectional approach enables the building of common approach of handling the reproduction and the rights or justice matters associated with it.
Policy priorities are more important in handling the maternal and fetal reproduction stalemate due to the application of intersectional-based policy analysis framework, which highlights the need for the clear understanding of the appropriateness of using abortion or contraceptives, as well as fetal construction. Construction of the fetus as a person and other medical practices such as abortion and use of contraceptives often complicate the intersectional analysis of the reproduction and the aspect of respecting the rights of both “persons” in the child bearing process. The cost maternal and fetal care, coupled with social and cultural practices that encourage or discourage the construction of both human rights, including the mother’s and the infant’s, are the key parameters in the realization of effective, just, and righteous childbearing in the society (Roberts & Jesudason 322). There is the need to critically analyze and interlink the issues around the social justice and reproduction justice, as postulated by Luna in her research and studies on women and reproduction, that would bring the harmony in tackling the healthcare implications during child bearing, based on human rights and the justice to all humanity concepts. Both Luna and Bettina are discussing the concepts that would ensure that applicable, just, and right decisions are made towards the realization of intersectional aspects of childbearing. These include effective application of the fetal and the maternal rights to facilitate legal and moral consideration in their judgments. Also, the alignment of social, political, and economic parameters of the society to favor effective childbearing is a sound decision that requires the input of the society at large and the healthcare providing agencies.
Conditions for child bearing are thus not only produced by the biological conditions, but with the identification of both social and cultural dimensions, economic status of the community and the mothers involved in the childbearing, and the availability of the intersectional concept in analyzing the childbearing based on rights of both the mother and fetus are key in the understanding the legal and the righteous moves to make, as well as help in the construction of a common movement that helps in the understanding of issues relating to reproduction. A multifaceted move thus requires these conditions to be upheld with total regards to the rights and the privileges of children and their mothers to ensure that decisions and actions are justifiable. When these socio-cultural, economic, and political parameters of healthcare provision to both maternal and fetal components of reproduction are fully upheld through intersectional analysis that tries to explain the rights and the justice components of reproductive system, then there is a likelihood of an improved healthcare provision to determine the best practices in the reproduction and childbearing.